In this episode of Aussie English I answer the question “Why is Australia called “Down Under”?”. Do you already know the answer?
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By pete — 1 year ago
AE 354 – Expression:
Six Of One, Half A Dozen Of The Other
Alright. So, welcome to today’s episode, guys. This is The Aussie English Podcast, the number one podcast for those interested in learning Australian English, learning to understand Australian English, the accent. I know it’s a bit tricky sometimes. And also, wanting to speak like an Australian when you learn English. So, that’s what this podcast is all about. That’s what my YouTube channel and Facebook is all about. It’s empowering you guys, helping you guys to overcome the annoying language of Australian English.
So, today’s expression is going to be “six of one half, a dozen of the other”, “six of one, half a dozen of the other”. This one comes from Petinka. Thank you Petinka. She suggested this in The Aussie English Virtual Classroom group on Facebook, which you can all join. Every week on Tuesday, I put a post up asking for suggestions for the expression episodes. Petinka was the one who suggested this week’s one. And then you guys get to vote on which one is your favourite. And this is the one that got to the top.
As usual guys, before we get into that let’s go through a little joke first, an Australian joke. OK.
So, why do kangaroos hate rainy days? Why did kangaroos hate rainy days when it rains, when it buckets down, when it’s raining cats and dogs? Why would kangaroos hate rainy days? Because their children play inside. Do you get it? Why the kangaroos hate rainy days? Because their children play inside. Hopefully, you get that one.
So, obviously, they live in the pouches, and if it’s raining the kangaroos are stuck in the pouch just playing inside, which is something that would probably annoy most, I guess, humans when it’s raining and they can’t put their kids outside. So, there you go. The joke for today: why the Kangaroos hate rainy days? Because their children always play inside.
So, as usual, we’ll go through the different words in this expression, guys, “six of one, half a dozen of the other.”
So, “six”. I’m sure you guys know what “six” is. The number six. One, two, three, four, five, six.
“Half”. 50% or one of two equal portions of something. So, if I cut a cake down the middle, there’s two halves. I have half the cake on one side, half on the other. That’s half.
“A dozen” is a group or set of twelve things. So, most commonly I think you’ll buy a dozen eggs, or you might go to the bakery and get half a dozen hot cross buns during Easter in, I guess that’s, March/April in Australia. That’s something I love to do. I always go to get half a dozen hot cross buns in Easter. So, “half a dozen” is six, obviously. A dozen is twelve.
And then the last word here that you guys may or may not know is “other”, and this is used to refer to something that is different or distinct from something that has already been mentioned or is known about. OK? So, if something is the other, it’s the distinct or different or separate things, something else, “other.
So, “six of one, half a dozen of the other”. Let’s define the expression. The expression “six of one half, a dozen of the other” effectively just means same difference. So, it’s usually used when there’s two alternatives, you’ve got two options, and it doesn’t matter which one you pick, because they’re either the same or you just don’t care. So, as in, it’s like, it’s the same to you. So, they could be exactly the same thing as in you’ve got six here and half a dozen here, which is also six. Or it could be that you have two things and you don’t care which one you pick or which one you get. And so, you can say, “It’s six of one half a dozen of the other.” So, there’s no difference. OK. It’s all the same to me. I don’t mind. I don’t care. Either’s fine. Whatever. Six of one, half a dozen of the other.
So, as usual, let’s go through some examples, guys, of how we would use this expression.
So, example number one. Imagine that you go into a mate’s party. You’re going over to his house or you’re going around to his house for a party. And you’ve got to get an Uber there. You get in that bar and the guy says, “There’s two different ways to go over to your mate’s place or go around to mate’s place, which one did you want to take?”. And I might ask him, “Well, what’s the difference?”. And he says, “Well, they’re both going to take the same amount of time. They’re the same distance.”. So, I could say, “I don’t really care. It’s six of one or half a dozen of the other. So, they’re both exactly the same. They are going to give me the same result. So, I don’t really care which one you pick. Six of one, half a dozen of the other. You choose. Flip a coin. 50/50.” So, six of one, half a dozen of the other.
Number two. So, imagine that you’re going to get takeaway food for the evening and your wife says, “Did you want to get Chinese food or did you want to get fish and chips? Chinese food or fish and chips?”. If you honestly don’t care, as in, you don’t mind, you know, it doesn’t bother you which one she picks, you’re just hungry. You could literally say, “It’s six of one, half a dozen of the other. I don’t mind. Same difference. Whatever you feel like. It’s all good. You pick. That’s the same to me.”. Six of one half, a dozen of the other.
The last example here is probably where this sort of expression originates from. Imagine you’re going to buy some eggs and the guy at the “egg store”, wherever it is you’re buying eggs. The supermarket or the market. You’ve got to buy eggs from a store where they’re being sold. And imagine he has half a dozen over here and half a dozen over here, and they’re different brands, but they’re almost exactly the same, effectively. (The) same number of eggs, obviously. If he says, “Which would you like?”. And I look at them and say, “Well, it’s six of one and it’s half a dozen of the other.”, as in it’s exactly the same thing. I don’t care. Whatever. There’s six and one is six and the other one here. Six of one, half a dozen of the other. It’s the same to me. I’m fine with either one.
OK? So, hopefully you guys understand the expression “six of one, half a dozen of the other”. It’s just it’s the same difference. You’ve got two options, but they’re equal or you don’t care which one you choose. It’s six of one, half a dozen of the other.
So, let’s go through a little listen and repeat exercise here, guys, where you guys can practice your pronunciation. I’m always really passionate about helping you guys improve your pronunciation, and I feel one of the best ways to do this is to practice when you’re on your own. You don’t just have to practice English when you’re around other speakers of English, whether they’re native or they’re foreigners who have learnt English as a second language. It’s good, but it’s also really good to practice on your own. OK? Practice makes perfect.
So, let’s go through a quick listen and repeat exercise. If you guys want to speak out loud, maybe find somewhere quiet, somewhere away from other people. And let’s go through this exercise. OK.
So, I’m going to break up the phrase “six of one half, a dozen of the other”, and then at the end I’ll put it all together.
I want you to pay attention to how I pronounce the word “of”. OK? O-F. “Of”. We’ll talk about it a little bit after the exercise, but pay attention to how I pronounce of. OK? Let’s go.
Listen & Repeat:
Six of one x 4.
Half a dozen x 4
Of the other x 4.
Alright. Let’s do the full phrase.
Six of one half a dozen of the other x 5
Awesome job guys. So, the reason that I wanted you to pay attention to how I pronounce “of” is because I convert of into a schwa (/ə/) kind of sound. It just turns into a little vowel there when the word “of” is followed by another word that starts with a consonant sound. So, even though the word of “one” begins with a zero, an O*, it starts with a consonant sound “Weh”, “one”. So, I say, “O- one”, instead of one. So, that’s what happens when I speak quickly like a native. “Six_o-_one”, instead of “Six of one”.
The same thing happens with “half a dozen o- the other”, “half a dozen o- the other”. It really gets swallowed. It disappears in there. And because “the” starts with a consonant sound, “th-“, “the” I just say “o-“, “o- the other”. “Half a dozen o- the other”.
So, remember guys, if you want to practice that specific technique make sure you sign up to The Aussie English Classroom. There’ll be a link attached to this after the episode’s finished, or below if you’re watching this on YouTube or listening to the podcast. It’s a dollar to try for a month. But you’ll get all these kinds of exercises to really take your pronunciation to the next level and get you approaching native like pronunciation. That’s what I’m really passionate about, and it’s my mission to help you guys speak as much like me as possible.
So, before we finish, guys, let’s give you an interesting fact about Australia. Make sure you go and tell someone this awesome fact after you listen to this episode.
So, despite Australia having a landmass, a landmass about the same size as Europe, its population is actually 30 times smaller than Europe, or the population of Europe. So, Australia’s population is only 24 million people. It’s a little above 24 million people. There are cities in the world bigger than that. Beijing, for one. However, in Europe they are 743 million people. So, it’s getting close to three quarters of a billion people. So, despite Australia having a huge landmass, it’s only one thirtieth the size of Europe with regards to population.
So, I hope you enjoy this episode, guys. Make sure you sign up to give The Aussie English Classroom a go. To give all the exercises, the bonus content, a go. You’ll get a full transcript with vocab, listening comprehension questions, phrasal verb exercises, pronunciation, Aussie slang exercises, and a grammar exercise at the end. You get bonus as MP3s, 3 of them, in order to practice this stuff. And it’s really designed to take your English to the next level. OK? So, if you like studying, if you like working hard, sign up and give it a go. It’s just one dollar for the first month. OK?
So, with that guys, I hope you have a frickin amazing weekend and I will see you next week.
The Aussie English Classroom content for this episode includes:
• PDF Transcript + MP3
1. Vocab Exercise
2. Listening comprehension Exercise
3. Phrasal verb Exercise + MP3
4. Slang Exercise
5. Pronunciation & Connected Speech Exercise + MP3
6. Grammar Exercise + MP3
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By pete — 2 years ago
AE 291 – Expression: To Face The Music
G’day guys. Welcome to this episode of Aussie English.
I’m your host Pete, and this is The Aussie English Podcast.
The number one podcast that teaches you Australian English, whether you want to understand how people speak Down Under, you just want to be able to understand what they’re saying when they’re talking to you, or whether you want to speak just like us native Aussies, this is the podcast for you.
Today is another expression episode, and the expression for today is “to face the music”, “to face the music”.
This is one that I hear quite a bit.
This is one that my parents would use a little bit on me when I was younger.
As usual, let’s go through and define the words in the expression, “to face the music”, guys.
So, “face”. This is obviously used as a verb in this phrase, but it’s also a noun.
So, “a face” or “the face” of something is the front of something.
Usually, if we’re talking about people it’s the front of your head.
So, where your eyes are, your mouth is, where your nose is. That’s your face.
When it’s used as a verb, however, so if you face something, to face something, it is to take your face and look toward something.
So, to confront something, figuratively, or to literally point yourself towards that thing.
So, to address something, to confront something, when we’re talking about facing something in a figurative sense, or in a literal sense, if we point our face towards something, we’re facing it.
The last word we’ll go through is “music”, the music or some music.
“Music” is a vocal or instrumental set of sounds, a song or singing or pleasant noise.
I’m sure you guys will know what “music” is.
So, as usual, let’s dive in and define the expression itself, “to face the music”.
What does it mean if you face the music or if you’re forced to face the music.
“To face the music” means to be confronted with the unpleasant consequences of your actions, or to receive punishment for your actions.
So, most often you going to hear this said like, “it’s time for you to face the music”.
“It’s time to face the music”. You need to face the music. To face the music.
So, let’s go into the origin of this expression. I looked this up. It is unknown.
We’re not 100% sure where this expression originates from, but there are two likely possible origins.
Firstly, the expression could have originated from disgraced officers.
So, people in the army or some kind of military force that had to literally face the music, that is they point themselves towards the music, when they were being drummed out of their regiment.
So, if they’re being drummed out that would be like the drums were playing as they were kicked out, as they were removed, from their regiment, from the group that they were in.
So, they would have to stand there and literally face the music that was being played on the drums as they were thrown out, as they were disgraced and chucked out of the regiment, of the military.
That’s the first possible origin of this expression.
The second one could have been when actors had to face the music on stage.
When they came out on stage if they were facing the audience they were also facing the orchestra pit.
So, this is where everyone in the orchestra was sitting below the stage in front of the stage, actors would have to face the orchestra, the orchestra pit, where the music was coming from.
So, when they were on stage they could have said, you know, as they were about to go on stage that it’s time to go out on stage and face the music.
So, it’s time to face the music. It’s time to get out there and have to do this stuff.
We have to face the music. We have to face the consequences of what it is to be an actor.
So, as usual, guys let’s jump through a few examples of how I would use this expression in everyday life.
So, a few everyday life examples or situations where you might hear this kind of expression being used.
Number one, imagine that you are a student at school.
And this is probably mostly the case for male students.
But imagine you’re misbehaving in class and the teacher decides to give you detention.
So, this is where you have to go and stay in a classroom during lunchtime or recess.
So, those periods where you have time to go outside.
If you get detention during those periods as a punishment you have to go and sit in a classroom and do homework or do work.
And it can also happen after school.
So, I didn’t get this too much at school, although I’m sure I did a few times, probably during lunchtime.
But imagine you’re a student who misbehaves. You get given detention.
When the bell goes at the end of the day, or say it goes just before lunch or recess, your friends might say, “Oh, don’t forget you’ve got detention. Time to face the music”.
You’re going to have to go sit in the class all lunch or for a certain period after school and do homework.
It’s time to face the music. You’ve got to go have to do your detention now.
You’re going to have to face up to the consequences of misbehaving in class.
It’s time to face the music.
Example number two.
Imagine that you are a criminal who’s stolen say a million dollars from your business.
So, you’ve taken all this money from your business and fled overseas. You’ve run off.
If the country that you’ve run off in to… so you’ve escaped Australia and you’ve gone into somewhere, say, like the Philippines.
Say that that country has allowed the Australian Government and the police force to come to their country and take you home.
So, they’re extraditing you back to Australia to be punished.
When that happens, you could say that you’re having to go back to Australia to face the music.
So, the police and the Aussie government have come to get you in the Philippines, and they’re forcing you to face the music.
It’s time to face the music.
It’s time to accept the consequences of what you’ve done wrong and receive the punishment for it.
You’re going to have to come back to Australia, go to court, and face the music.
Example number three, the last example.
Say, you’ve had a fight with your wife or your husband, so your partner.
And you’ve gone out with your mates to a local pub.
So, okay, imagine you’re a guy who likes to drink.
You’ve gone out to a pub, which is sort of an establishment that sells beer, usually, on the corner of streets that you’ll go to in Australia, especially out in country towns.
There’ll be lots of pubs.
So, they’re out there hanging with your mates, and you’re kind of avoiding having to deal with the situation, with the fight that you had with your partner.
You don’t want to go home and you don’t really want to face the consequences of that fight.
When you finally accept that it is time to go home though and to confront this issue with your partner.
So, you know, maybe after a few hours, after a few drinks, and you’ve cooled down.
You’ve calmed down. You’re in a better state of mind.
You might say, “Look, it’s time for me to go home. It’s time to face the music. I’m going to have to go home and sort this out with my partner. And it’s time to face the music. I guess it’s time to head home guys. Time to face the music. Time to get this all sorted out. I have to face the music.”
So that’s it for the examples guys.
Hopefully by now you get what the expression “to face the music” means.
As usual, we’ll go through a listen and repeat exercise, guys.
And I’m going to say this just as I would as a native speaker.
So, listen and repeat guys, and practice your pronunciation.
Listen & Repeat:
I’ve got to face the music.
You’ve got to face the music.
He’s got to face the music.
She’s got to face the music.
We’ve got to face the music.
They’ve got to face the music.
It’s got to face the music.
So, for this exercise, obviously, you’ve heard me use “got to”, but I’ve actually contracted it together into “gotta”, which I actually pronounce as more of a “godda” kind of sound “godda”, “godda”.
So, it’s using that T-flap that we’ve gone over previously.
So, if you have got to do something it means you have to do something, you need to do something, you must do something.
And we often use “got” when we’ve contracted “have” onto the pronoun.
So, if I say “I’ve gotta”, I use “got” because it sounds weird to say “I’ve to face the music.”, “You’ve to face the music.”.
We wouldn’t say that is native. So, if we contract “have” we have to use “got”.
Anyway, pronunciation and connected speech tip wise, as I said I used “got to” and I contracted this to “gotta”.
So, “to” often gets turned into a “ta” or an “a” kind of sound when it joins the verb before it.
So, when there’s a verb that’s in the infinitive form with “to” before it.
So, in the case of “I have got to face the music”, the “to” before “face” will often get contracted on to the word before it.
So, you’re going to hear examples, most commonly in English, such as:
Going to = gonna
Need to = needa
Have to = havda
Want to = wanna
Plan to = plan’a
Hope to = hopeta
So, hopefully that makes sense, guys.
If you want to practice this pronunciation and connected speech tip I really recommend signing up to the Aussie English Supporter Pack or the Aussie English Membership that’s on the website at the moment.
You can try it for a dollar.
This episode we’re going to go through a lot of different exercises learning how to use “to have to” and “to have got to”, as well as contracting “have” onto the pronouns.
We’re going to practice substituting in and out of “have to” and “have got to”. We’re also going to practice these pronunciation and connected speech parts where we contract “to” onto different verbs.
So, we’re going to practice things like, gotta, wanna, gonna, havta, hopesta, etc.
So, if you want to get access to all that guys sign up to the Aussie English Supporter Pack and give it a go.
Anyway, I hope you guys are having a killer week. I am currently freezing my butt off in my room.
It is the middle of winter and it is absolutely freezing.
Last night was the most cold night to date this year. I think it got down to zero degrees.
So, I’m going to go and watch some TV, and do some more language learning, and I hope you guys have an absolutely killer week.
So, I will chat to you all soon. I wish you all the best.
Thank you so much for listening guys, and enjoy your week.
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By pete — 2 years ago
In today’s episode, Ep072: Pronunciation – Used, I go over the different ways that the word “Used” is pronounced in English, i.e. “I used to play golf” where “Used” is said like “Usst” vs “I used my dad’s car” where “Used” is said like “Uzzd”.
[sdm_download id=”1026″ fancy=”1″]
Ep072: Pronunciation – Used
Ok guys let’s see how this episode goes today. I want to help you today nail the difference in pronunciation between the words “used” and “used”, “used” and “used”. And these are both spelt the same way in English “U-S-E-D” but they’re actually said differently. You’ll hear when I say “Used” I don’t vocalise the “S” and so that’s why you get the “Ssss” sound. It’s “Usssst” but when I say “Used” I vocalise the “S” and make it a “Z” or a “Z” sound. So, you hear “Uzzzd”. So, you’ll hear when I vocalise an “S” turns into a “Z”. It goes from “Ssss” to “Zzzz”. “Sssszzzz” as soon as I start making noise with my throat.
Anyway, I’m somewhat winging it today, and “To wing it”, if “You’re winging it” it means that you’re sort of making something or doing something with no prior instructions or no prior thought. I have written out somewhat of a transcript but I’m kind of just winging it obviously like I always do because I don’t read off a transcript. I just have sort of an outline of what I want to talk about written down so that I cover all the bases. And “To cover all the bases” means just to… if you think of baseball going from base one, two, three and then all the way home to base four. If “you cover all your bases” is means that you get everything done, you do it all correctly. So, “to cover all your bases”, do everything, if I talk about wanting to cover all my bases in this episode it means that I want to talk about all the things that I had planned on talking about prior to it.
So, this is probably going to be somewhat of a long episode today as I want to wing it, but we should get straight to it.
So, how do we use these words “Used” [unvocalised “Usst” sound] and “used” [vocalised “Uzzd” sound]? If you’re… we’ll go through “Used” [Usst] first. So, you can BE used to something or you can GET used to something. We’ll go through “To be used to doing” or “to be used to something” first. So, this is obviously quite often followed by the verb in the form ending with “-I-N-G”. So, doing, wanting, thinking. We… we use “To be used to doing” to say something that’s normal, not unusual. So, if “you’re used to something” it means that it’s habitual, you do it all the time, it’s not weird. So, you could be… you could say for example, “I’m used to going to the beach every day”. So, it just means that it’s not unusual for you to do those things. You’re used to it, you’re habituated to it, it’s normal.
Ah, we used “To get used to doing something” to talk about things that we are in the process of becoming used to, or when we’re talking about the process of something becoming normal for us. So, it’s often said in the future tense, “You’ll get used to it”. For example, “I’ll get used to surfing alone now that my friend doesn’t want to come with me anymore”. So, I used to surf all the time with him, but now he doesn’t want to come anymore. “I’ll have to get used to” or “I’m going to get used to”, “I’ll get used to” surfing alone, surfing by myself. “You’ll get used to wearing sunnies”. So, “Sunnies” are sunglasses. If you’re not used to wearing them already because you don’t live in a sunny country, say, you’ve moved from Iceland to Australia, and all of a sudden you realize that it’s a… it’s sunny half of the year and you have to get used to the sun, you’ve got to get used to it. So, you have to buy sunglasses, and not only to you have to get used to the sun you’ve got to get used to wearing sunglasses on your face. So, yeah, you’ll often hear that one in the future tense, “I’m going to get used to it”, “I’ll get used to it”.
So, “Used to + a verb”, “Used to + a verb”, “I used to” and then “do something”, “go somewhere”, “eat something”, whatever the example may be, if “you used to do something” it means that you did it in the past. So, we say this when we’re talking about something that happened on a regular basis, it happened all the time, but it doesn’t happen anymore. So, “I used to go to school when I was a kid, and now I don’t anymore because I’m an adult”. “I used to eat a lot of cereal when I was younger. I don’t really eat cereal anymore”. “I used to go to the beach in summer and get tanned all the time, but I don’t really do that now that I live in Melbourne and there’s no real beach nearby, at least not a real beach with waves, the kind of beach that I like”. You can also use this for something that was once true but is no longer true. So, for instance you could say ah… “I used to vote for the Greens but now I vote for the Liberals”, or “I used to get up early every single morning but I haven’t gotten up early in years. I hate getting up early now. So, I used to do it all the time but now I get up late everyday”. And you’ll often hear this clarified with phrases like:
As a child
As a kid
As a teenager
As a youngster
As a young adult
So, if someone’s talking about something that they used to do when they were younger you might hear those kinds of phrases. “I used to do this as a kid”, “I used to do it as a child”, “I used to do it as a teenager, a youngster”, “I used to do it as a young adult”, “I used to do it as…so and so” it just means when you were that young, when you were that age.
So, the final one, and this is the one that’s pronounced differently with that vocalised “S”. So, instead of a “Used” [Usst] it’s a “Used” [Uzzd], “Used” [Uzzd], and this is the past tense or the past participle of the verb “To use”. So, this is when it’s followed by a noun. So, when you actually use something. So, if you use something in the past say, “I used a hammer to hammer a nail”, “I used my surfboard at the beach to go surfing”, “Yesterday, I used my car to drive to the beach”, “Earlier today I used my mother’s hairdryer to dry my hair after I went surfing”, “Last week I used my dad’s camera to take some photos of the surf”, etc etc etc. Whenever you want to talk about having used something, so the past tense of the verb “To use”, it’s going to be a vocalised “S”. “I used” and then the thing. So, this is when it’s not followed by a verb ending in “I-N-G” or a verb in the standard form of “To + the verb”, so, “to do”, “to go”, “to want”, etc.
So, I’ve covered that and I’ve kind of just done it off the top of my head. I also thought today that we would try and do it in the theme of the beach and summer. So, I would try and use a lot of vocabulary related to doing that. So, you will have heard me say, bodyboard, boogie board, surfboard, sunnies… actually I don’t think I’ve said bodyboard or boogie board yet, but I will say them. And I thought I would go through um… the definitions. I should probably go through the definitions of those.
A boogie board, at least in Australia, is a type of… sort of half the size of a surfboard made from foam. So, you have boogie boards, which are these really soft foam… I want to say bodyboards. Boogie boards are kind of the smaller ones that you would use as really really young kids. So, they weren’t hard and they were used in really shallow water, but bodyboards are the big really stiff foam boards that adults would use to surf really really big waves, and these are the kinds of boards that you would see if you looked in a surfing magazine and you saw someone using a bodyboard, that’s a bodyboard, and a boogie board is more for like recreational ah… young kids, reacreational uses, young children, adults who are old, you know, bodyboards [are] for the people who want to seriously bodyboard. So, that’s a verb, “To bodyboard”. And obviously, surfboards are the kind of boards you use to surf on.
So, I thought I would go through some exercises now guys just so that you get to practice these different sounds vocalised and non-vocalised. So, just listen and repeat after me.
Use [Uss] vs Use [Uzz] x 5
So, listen and repeat after me guys. I’m going to try and really accentuate the difference so that you can really hear how I’m vocalizing and not vocalizing the “S” in these words, or in these vowels, these sounds as I do them. So, they’re going to sound pretty stupid at first but it’s an exercise to help you improve your pronunciation.
Use [Uss] vs Use [Uzz] x 11
You’ll notice there too that they sort of sound almost exactly the same. The only difference that I can really tell you that I’m doing there for “Use” [Uss] and “Use” [Uzz] is that on the second one where I say “Use” [Uzz], the verb “To use”, so “Used”, I’m vocalizing for the start of that “S” sound and then I stop vocalizing. Whereas for the other one “Use” [Uss] I don’t vocalise the “S” at all. So, “Use” [Uss], “Use” [Uss], “Sss”, “Sss”, it’s all “S”. Whereas, “Use” [Uzz] is “Z” it turns from a “Z” into a “Zzss”.
And now we should go through “Used” [Uzzd] vs “Used” [Usst].
Used [Uzzd] vs Used [Usst] x 15
So, you’ll notice again there that “Used” [Uzzd] the one that’s vocalised, I vocalise the start of the “S” and then that’s why I make a “D” sound afterwards, ‘cause that’s also vocalised, “Used” [Uzzd]. Whereas with the unvocalised “Used” [Usst] because I don’t vocalise the “S” it turns into a “T” at the end instead of a “D”. So, “Used” [Usst], “Tt”, “Tt”.
So, let’s go through some sentence exercises guys where you can repeat the entire sentence after me and practice these things in the context of a sentence as opposed to practicing them in isolation. We’ve done that. Hopefully you can nail the pronunciation of them on their own, and now we’ll go through some different sentence exercises. So, listen and repeat after me. And the first one that we’ll go through will be, “To be used to something”. So, remember for something to be normal, for something to be not unusual, for you “to be used to something” means that you do it all the time, it’s normal.
I’m used to…
You’re used to…
She’s used to…
He’s used to…
We’re used to…
They’re used to…
And I just noticed there that you might not even need to say the “D” or the “T” [sound] at the end of “Used” [Usst], because of the “To” afterwards [i.e. used to] it just merges and becomes “Useto”, “Useto”, “Useto”, “They’re useto”. So, that’s a little Like A Native ah… insert there on how to pronounce that. “I’m useto”, “You’re useto”, it’s just “Useto”. One consonant in the middle there [UseTo instead of useD To]
I’m used to going to the beach every day.
You’re used to catching big waves.
She’s used to sunbaking with her friends.
He’s used to living near the beach.
We’re used to travelling up the coast on weekends.
They’re used to getting up early to surf.
So, now we’ll go through “To get used to something”. So, “To get used to it”, and we’ll do this in the future, “I’ll get used to…”, etc.
I’ll get used to…
You’ll get used to…
She’ll get used to…
He’ll get used to…
We’ll get used to…
They’ll get used to…
And, now we’ll go through a full sentence using these conjugated, “I’ll get used to…” in the future sentences.
I’ll get used to surfing alone.
You’ll get used to wearing sunnies.
He’ll get used to his new boogie board.
She’ll get used to standing up on her surfboard.
We’ll get used to swimming out in deep water.
They’ll get used to catching bigger waves.
Now we’ll do the past tense, past participle version of “Used to”, where “You used to do something”, “You used to go somewhere”, “You used to + infinitive verb”.
I used to go boogie boarding every day.
You used to get sunburnt a lot as a child.
He used to live at the beach as a teenager.
She used to go surfing all the time.
We used to bodyboard at the beach.
They used to love bodysurfing big waves.
And I might add there that “To bodysurf” or “To be bodysurfing” or “To like to go bodysurfing”, “Bodysurfing” is surfing waves but just with your body. So, when you put your arms out in front of you and you dive in front of a wave and the wave carries you, it carries you to shore, it carries you in, that’s “Bodysurfing”.
So, listen and repeat after me again.
I used to bodyboard as a kid.
You used to bodyboard as a kid.
He used to bodyboard as a kid.
She used to surf as a kid.
We used to surf as kids.
They used to surf as kids.
And now we’ll go through the final one, and this is the past tense of “Used”. So, the past participle, the past tense of the verb “To use something”.
And we’ll do this one… one more time for good measure. One more time for good measure.
And now we can go through some sentences using “Used”. And remember that this is the one where you vocalise the “S”, “Used” [Uzzd], “Used” [Uzzd], “Used” [Uzzd].
I used some sunscreen at the beach.
You used some sunscreen at the beach.
She used some sunscreen at the beach.
He used a towel to dry himself off.
We used a towel to dry ourselves off.
They used a towel to dry themselves off.
So, that’s the episode for today guys. I, again, have tried to say these more like a native than really annunciating well and slowly saying these different sentences. So, don’t be discouraged, don’t be disheartened, if you’ve got to listen a few times to get used to how to say these phrases the way that I say them there’s nothing wrong with that. It’ll take a few times, but I hope eventually that you get used to it. You can listen a few times and get used to saying these things the way that I say them as a native speaker, and I hope that this episode is used a lot by you guys!
Anyway, it’s gone long enough. I’ve ranted a lot, I’ve spoken a lot, I hope it’s helpful. I hope the surfing, beach and summer theme was good for you guys to learn a bit more vocab and practice that sort of stuff regarding the beach. And I’ll chat to you soon as it looks like this episode is about to go past 20 minutes. All the best guys and get used to it! See you!
Note: I think the nouns and verbs involving boards, i.e. bodyboard, boogie board, surfboard, to surfboard, to bodyboard, to boogie board, etc. can be either joined, i.e. to boogieboard or split i.e. to boogie board. I’m more inclined to join the words when it’s a verb.
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